There are five main types of spondylolisthesis causes, and they are the basis of how spondylolisthesis is classified.
The most common spondylolisthesis cause, especially in older people, is degenerative diseases associated with aging. With aging, the natural degenerative process affects our spine’s ability to maintain its proper alignment, and may cause spondylolisthesis.
Bone fractures, particularly factures in the pars interarticularis, are the main cause of isthmic spondylolisthesis. This type of spondylolisthesis affects both children and adults. Gymnastics, football, wrestling, and diving are common risk factors of this type of spondylolisthesis.
Congenital abnormalities can also be causes of spondylolisthesis. The abnormal development of the bones in the spinal column or pelvis is a main spondylolisthesis cause.
Pathological defects in the bone such as tumors or infections can also cause spondylolisthesis.
Spondylolisthesis can also be caused by traumatic injuries. Often, the injury can be a result of a surgical complication, assault, or accident.
Because it can be caused by a number of factors, spondylolisthesis may not be completely preventable. Maintaining a healthy spine by keeping a healthy lifestyle, using proper body mechanics, and exercising regularly is the best and easiest way to prevent this condition.
Sleeping on a firm mattress, using chairs with firm back support, keeping both feet flat on the floor while sitting are also good general suggestions for back health and prevention of spondylolisthesis.