Degenerative disc disease is more commonly found in the lower back (lumbar region of the spine) and the neck (cervical region of the spine), but may also occur in any other area of the spine. The human spine is comprised of alternating vertebrae and discs which act as cushions with most of the pressure and stress of everyday movements being absorbed by them. Vertebral discs play a considerable role in our spinal anatomy. Without them, the vertebrae alone would be unable to absorb stresses, would be unstable, and would not be able to bend or flex.
Disc degeneration is the beginning of what has been termed by many "The Degenerative Cascade". It can lead to several other spinal conditions as the discs continue to deteriorate. Bone spurs, disc herniations, and spinal stenosis are just a few of the more common conditions that may result from degenerative disc disease.
Severe degenerative disc disease can limit your range of motion, as well as cause pain from micro motion that occurs in your spine as the disc no longer performs its job properly. As your intervertebral discs lose water, flexibility, and height, your vertebrae lose their cushion and begin to rub against each other. It is, therefore, very important to identify the symptoms of degenerative disc disease and catch this condition early.